An Innovative Secure Millimeter Wave (mmWave) Machine to Machine (M2M) Communication Network for Operating Drones
Project runs from 12/18/2018 to 09/30/2019
The use of Radio Controlled (RC) Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) or Drones, for civilian and commercial purposes have been growing steadily for the past decade. Their non-military use range from responding to Hurricane Harvey to rescuing swimmers caught in 10-ft swells, and from pizza delivery to Prime Air, the Amazon drone delivery system. UAV’s have historically had a limited flight radius dictated by line-of-sight radio controllers; however, distance limitation from which the drone operator can control them can be bypassed by using commercial wireless networks to control the drone. It is expected that billions of 5G mobile and Internet-of-Things (IoT) wireless devices will be all connected with the new millimeter wave frequency bands. We propose to analyze and validate the hypotheses that 1) using mmWave with antennas tilted upward for RF coverage in the sky can lead to a secure and reliable wireless network for UAV/Drone operation, 2) there is a unique opportunity to use NOMA (Non Orthogonal Multiple Access) with the primary mmWave beam aimed towards a swarm of Drones to control them with high security and efficiency, 3) further increase security, reliability, and spectral efficiency by using co-operative communications among the swarm of Drones and 4) this swarm of drones can be effectively used for emergency recovery of critical infrastructure such as a cyber compromised power grid that requires a black restart.