University Leadership Initiative; Hyper-Spectral Communications, Networking & ATM as Foundation for Safe and Efficient Future Flight: Transcending Aviation Operational Limitations with Diverse and Secure Multi-Band, Multi-Mode, and mmWave Wireless Li
Project runs from 06/12/2017 to 09/29/2020
This research will address the Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate’s (ARMD’s) Strategic Thrust (ST) #1, Safe, Efficient Growth in Global Operations. The research outcomes fit within the ARMD’s Strategic Implementation Plan (SIP) years 2025-2035 and beyond 2035 time frames, and will contribute specifically to the following outcomes: (i) fully integrated terminal, enroute, surface and arrivals/departures operations (ATM+2), and (ii) fully autonomous trajectory services (ATM+3).
As is well known, air travel and air transport are expanding rapidly. Unmanned aircraft system (UAS) use is burgeoning. An obvious consequence of the growth in passenger and freight air traffic, and the coming of UAS into the worldwide airspace, is continuing growth in air traffic density and complexity. Although initially UAS will fly in airspace separate from piloted aircraft, there will inevitably come “mixed airspaces,” and likely full integration of UAS throughout the complete current worldwide airspace (and in the future, beyond, e.g., stratospheric flights). The addition of UAS will compound the already increasing complexity of air traffic management (ATM). The increase in density (aircraft per unit volume) means that safe operation will become more challenging. The situation is more complex for ATM than for terrestrial commercial communications, because of greater aircraft mobility and much more stringent reliability requirements. Since safe operation cannot take place without highly-reliable and efficient communications and networking among aircraft, ground stations, and other entities, we are proposing research to dramatically enhance the capabilities of aviation communication and networking systems. Hence, the research areas of our investigation are aeronautical communications, networking, and ATM, including aspects of navigation and surveillance, for both manned and unmanned aircraft.